Risk factors for severe acute malnutrition in Central India

Shweta Goyal, Neetu Agarwal

Abstract


Aim:

To identify risk factors for severe malnutrition in children <5 years age.

Background:

Severe acute malnutrition (SAM) is a major cause of childhood morbidity and mortality in our country. However, little information is available on determinants of SAM.

Materials and Methods:

This was a prospective study done over a period of one year at a tertiary care hospital. Children under five years of age with SAM were enrolled, and the risk factors leading to malnutrition were identified.

Results:

The risk factors contributing to malnutrition were poor socioeconomic status, parental illiteracy, overcrowding, lack of immunization, lack of awareness among caregivers regarding appropriate child feeding practices.

Conclusion:

To decrease the prevalence of malnutrition, it is essential to provide education to caregivers about appropriate feeding practices. 


Keywords


India, risk factors, severe acute malnutrition

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References


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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.