Risk factors for severe acute malnutrition in Central India

Shweta Goyal, Neetu Agarwal



To identify risk factors for severe malnutrition in children <5 years age.


Severe acute malnutrition (SAM) is a major cause of childhood morbidity and mortality in our country. However, little information is available on determinants of SAM.

Materials and Methods:

This was a prospective study done over a period of one year at a tertiary care hospital. Children under five years of age with SAM were enrolled, and the risk factors leading to malnutrition were identified.


The risk factors contributing to malnutrition were poor socioeconomic status, parental illiteracy, overcrowding, lack of immunization, lack of awareness among caregivers regarding appropriate child feeding practices.


To decrease the prevalence of malnutrition, it is essential to provide education to caregivers about appropriate feeding practices. 


India, risk factors, severe acute malnutrition

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Copyright © 2014 International Journal of Medical Science Research and Practice. All rights reserved. Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.